The SIG Sauer P320 is a striker-fired polymer and steel pistol designed provide a hand-fitting, one-gun-fits-(almost)-all self-defense and duty sidearm, with minimal and simple controls. SIG hopes the package will interest agencies that see value in procuring only one gun for most of their personnel.
At press time, SIG offers two versions: the full-size, nitron P320, and the nitron P320 Carry model. Both are chambered in 9mm, .40 SW or .357 SIG, with a .45 ACP version forecasted for later this year. I obtained a full-size, 9mm P320 from SIG, and my review follows.
The P320 consists of slide, frame assembly and grip modules. It’s heart resides in the frame assembly, which houses the operating system and is, technically, the firearm. As such, it’s serial-numbered; the number is visible through a slot in the side of the grip module.
The slide at first appears to feature the familiar SIG Sauer shape with rectangular rounded corners and seven front and rear diagonal grasping grooves, but there’s a change. In addition to the foregoing, the slide sides now include two flats, with the upper one tapering inward toward the slide’s rounded top. This tapering is also angled, and it starts out wide at the muzzle but then diagonally decreases in width until it terminates at the slide’s rear. I think this design will aid drawing and re-holstering because the slight inward taper reduces metal-to-holster contact.
Portions of the slide’s interior are ribbed, and the forward tip of the cartridge pick-up rail is rounded, which decreases the chance an otherwise sharp-edged rail could strike the primer of a live round when clearing it. This inadvertent strike is most possible when clearing a misfed live round.
SIGLite night sights come standard and are dovetailed into the slide. You can make horizontal sight corrections by moving either sight in its dovetail slot. To make vertical corrections, you change out either sight with one of a differing height. SIG offers six front and three rear sights. They are numbered and increase numerically in height, starting with “1.” The increase in number corresponds to an increase in sight height.
The striker, part of the striker assembly, is partially tensioned when you cycle the slide. Any repair or change to this unitized part means replacing the entire striker assembly.
The barrel locks up in the wide ejection port, and a stubby, spring-powered ejector is located at the port’s right center. A dual recoil spring on a full-length polymer guide rod is held captive by end caps. Yet another nice touch: The front retention cap is rectangular with its short sides slightly rounded, while the rear end cap is fully-round. This combination makes correctly installing it much less error-prone. Also, the lower-inner area of the slide’s front is notched to minimize the amount of tilting and compression needed to remove or install the spring assembly.
The slide moves on four short rails, with two forward and two rearward. The rails are part of the frame assembly. The assembly is held in the grip module by the left-side-mounted take-down lever, which you must remove to free the frame assembly from the grip module. (I had to do some fiddling with it to remove it.) After you’ve removed the take-down lever, push the frame assembly slightly forward and lift to free it from the grip module. The slide stop is ambidextrous and located on the frame’s rear.
The magazine catch, located at the trigger guard’s bottom rear, is reversible. To do so, you need a straightened paper clip. Paraphrasing the owner’s manual, insert the clip into the catch’s side (which captures the magazine catch stop), then remove and reverse the catch.
The metal-body magazine includes a removable polymer base plate and polymer follower; two magazines come with the gun. The base plate is slightly enlarged on its sides. The magazine body features three witness holes in its right side, and in my 9mm sample gun they’re numbered 5, 10 and 17. For .357 SIG and .40 SW, the magazine holds 14 rounds for use in either the full-size or P320 Carry pistols.
The grip module features fine pebbling on frontstrap, backstrap and sides. The grip includes a lanyard loop hole at the bottom rear. The module is dished out on both sides behind the trigger. The area above the magazine base pad is relieved to help you remove a stuck magazine. The well-shaped frame has a nice, high grip-tang for high hand placement. The large trigger guard is squared and grooved across its face. The dust cover includes a 1913 picatinny rail, on which the SIG Sauer light easily fit.
The P320 features a unique five-part safety system, standard on all models. These parts include a striker safety, a disconnect safety and a three-point take-down safety system. The three points? You can’t disassemble the P320 unless you’ve removed the magazine and locked the slide to the rear, and you don’t have to pull the trigger to release the striker. You don’t need any tools for any of this, either.
SIG offers three grip modules—standard, compact and subcompact—for this pistol, and the frames are identical to the SIG P250 frames. The barrels are too, making them interchangeable between the two models. A threaded barrel is optional. I’ll list prices for grip modules and barrels at the end of this review, and you can also find them under “Accessories for the P250” on SIG’s Web site. On my sample P320, the frame is marked “FULL MEDIUM” on the dust cover’s right side.
The grip modules vary in circumference based on SIG’s survey of 40,000 hands (done for the P250), the results of which lead the company to believe the three frames will fit 80%–90% of hand sizes.
The trigger pull on my sample P320 was good and let off at 8.5 lbs., with a quick reset. One of my associates said the trigger felt “spongy,” but when it breaks it doesn’t move (meaning there’s little trigger overtravel). I think for a striker-fired pistol, it’s close to or right at the top of factory-supplied trigger pulls.
Shooting seated at 17 yards, I shot five-shot groups that ranged from 1.5″–1.75” using three different cartridges:
- Black Hills 124-grain (re-manufactured) JRN: 1,040 fps, 1.75″ group
- CorBon 147-grain Performance Match JFP: 775 fps, 1.5″ group
- Winchester 115-grain (White Box) JRN: 1,099 fps, 1.75″ group
The groups might have been tighter if I’d blackened the rear sight because the white in the rear sight tends to draw my focus to it and away from the front sight, but I wanted results from the gun as it ships. I noticed, as I had when I shot the P250, that felt recoil was soft. Truth be told, I find that if a SIG pistol doesn’t shoot well, it’s most likely the shooter, not the gun or ammo, causing the problem.
I tried out the supplied polymer paddle holster, which is a strong-side, outside-the-belt rig set up to provide a slight muzzle-to-the-rear carry. The paddle is marked “P250 Full Size” and “P250 Compact.” It provides gun retention via an internal stud that snaps over the trigger guard, and an allen-head tension screw in the holster body. The holster provided casual but not deep concealment for my body shape, but worked well for some of my shooting buddies.
To the good, a new P320 owner is ready to go and lacks only ammo. The pistol is easy to handle, offers good balance and points well. Magazine changes were simple and moved smoothly for insertion and removal. The base plate extension, which fit into the frame’s matching cutouts, should make removing a stubborn magazine much less of a chore than it can be.
Given the simplicity of operation and disassembly (save for the aforementioned fiddling), the P320 should prove easy to teach shooters to use and maintain because there’s little to remember to do and not do. And as I mentioned, the pistol pointed well for me and my associates. Coincidentally, our hand sizes all differ, but it worked for all of us.
As I noted at the outset, with the P320, SIG has tried to design a one-gun-fits-(almost)-all duty and self-defense sidearm, with minimal and simple controls. These are long-standing goals of many firearms companies, of course. To get there, and do so at a reasonable cost, is another matter entirely. However, I can report the P320 appears to fit these requirements quite well.
Bottom line: End users will be well-served with the SIG Sauer P320.
Walt Rauch received a BS degree from Carnegie Tech and completed service as a Special Agent in U.S. Army Intelligence. Rauch was a U.S. Secret Service Special Agent and a Philadelphia, Pa., Warrant Unit Investigator. He now operates a consulting company for defense-weapon and tactical training. Rauch & Company services include expert witness testimony on firearms use and tactics.
Rauch is also a writer and lecturer in the firearms field. He’s published in national and international publications including InterMedia’s Handguns, several Harris Publications specialty magazines, Police and Security News and Cibles (France). He is the author of a book on self-defense, Real-World Survival! What Has Worked For Me, as well as Practically Speaking, a comprehensive guide to IDPA defensive pistol shooting.
|9mm||17+1||4.7″||8.0″||1.4″||5.5″||29.4 oz. w/mag|
|.357 SIG||14+1||4.7″||8.0″||1.4″||5.5″||29.4 oz. w/mag|
|.40 SW||14+1||4.7″||8.0″||1.4″||5.5″||29.4 oz. w/mag|
Note: This pistol is not California or Massachusetts compliant.
Retail: Small, medium and large frames w/installed magazine catch: $46 each
Retail: Barrels (9mm, .357 SIG or .40 SW): $199 each
|Sig Sauer P320 Subcompact Contrast Sights (Blue Ridge Firearms)||
|Sig Sauer P320 Subcompact Night Sights (Blue Ridge Firearms)||
|+ 1 others available from Blue Ridge Firearms ↓|
|Sig Sauer P320 Subcompact Night Sights (SWVA Arms)||